Hurricane Electric (AS6427) reported that it has achieved connections to over 4,000 IPv6 networks. HE has long been known for its open IPv6 peering and interconnect policies which has allowed it to amass a very large number of interconnections with many different providers.
RadioShack will be selling their IPv4 holding via bankruptcy according to an article in The Register. The assets will be sold in smaller blocks on ipv4auctions.com. The nice thing about this service is that it is giving price transparency to an otherwise very opaque IPv4 transfer market.
Avenue4 has published a report regarding the state of the IPv4 address market. In their report they note that the pricing per block is dependent on size with smaller blocks being transferred for about $13.50 per IPv4 address and the largest blocks of >1M addresses being transferred for around $11 per address. The low point in the market is around the /16 blocks of ~65k addresses for around $10 per address.
Akamai has released their 2017-Q1 state of the Internet report, and as usual it includes some interesting insights into what is going on in how the world is connected.
A few interesting things I noted:
- 814M active IPv4 addresses were observed
- Belgium remains the IPv6 adoption leader at 38% of connections supporting dual-stack, followed by Greece at 25%, and the US at 22%
- Verizon & T-Mobile now have 82% of connections to Akamai being served over IPv6
Geoff Huston recently released his annual addressing report looking back at 2016. Within his report a few things jumped out at me.
- Transfers (almost 4,000 transfers constituting more that 32 million IPv4 addresses) continue to grow and mostly are old legacy address blocks which are now being put into reuse.
- The ARIN region, despite its restrictive “need-based” policies on IPv4 transfers continues to lead in transfers with more than 15 million addresses in 2016.
- Transfers are creating some level of deaggregation, this was largely expected as current IPv4 address holders break up larger blocks to sell either for a higher per unit price, or to match the size needed to buyers.
- The number of IPv6 addresses being distributed to organizations continues to increase with more than 50,000 /32s being distributed in 2016.
IPv6 celebrates its 20th birthday by achieving 10% usage according to Google.
At the RIPE meeting this week in Madrid, a new presentation on the IPv4 transfer market was presented.
Last week at the ARIN/NANOG meeting in Dallas, two other presentations were made about transfer market.
The US government, via the NTIA, issued an update that it intends to let the IANA contract expire at the end of September, which allows the IANA transition process to complete.
In the case of IP numbers, this will allow the new contract (SLA) between the RIRs and ICANN to be effective, such that ICANN will now manage the IANA number resource functions for the RIRs under contract from the RIRs rather than the USG.
There are of course those who still opine about the risks associated with this transition, but my personal opinion is that if the Internet is to continue to be open and inclusive, it has to not have a single string tied to the US government. That might not appease everyone who is a strong supporter of the US and USG, but if that single string remains, it only seeks to bifurcate the Internet into national nets for those countries which disagree in some manner with the US.
On June 29th, 2016, the RIRs collectively signed the service level agreement (SLA) that has been negotiated with ICANN for the IANA services. This SLA or contract was negotiated as part of the number community’s portion of the IANA transition away from a US government contact with ICANN.
The IETF defines the Internet protocols and parameters, and in doing so delegates a portion of the number resources (IPv4, IPV6 & ASNs) used in those protocols to the RIRs for management.
The final step in the transition, from the numbering community’s perspective, is for the US government to allow the contact for the IANA services with ICANN to expire, sometime before Oct 1, 2017. Once the transition is completed, the RIRs will have a contract as a group with ICANN to provide the top-level coordination of the IPv4, IPv6, and ASN IP number resources.